2019 Alabama WFF Deer Rut Map

Depending on where they pursue white-tailed deer, hunters in Alabama may be experiencing a wide range of deer breeding activity from pre-rut and peak rut to post-rut.

Studies by wildlife profes­sionals indicate that rutting activity is most closely asso­ciated with the heritage of the deer in a particular area. The diversity of breeding activity, known as the rut, is a result of stocking efforts early in the 20th century, when deer populations in Alabama were in dire straits. Overharvest and a lack of game management had iso­lated deer to pockets around the state, mainly in southwest Alabama.

Restocking efforts includ­ed trapping and relocating deer from southwest Alabama, mainly from the Clarke County area, as well as bringing in deer from other parts of the United States. Deer were transported from Arkansas, Georgia, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Texas and Wisconsin.

For the most part, the transplanted deer maintained their native rutting activity, which means Alabama hunt­ers can hunt the rut in one part of the state or another for most of deer season.

The Alabama Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries (WFF) Division has developed a resource that provides a quick guide for expected rutting activity in your particular area. The Alabama Deer Rut Map, available at www.out­dooralabama.com/sites/ default/f i les/Hunting/ Deer%20Hunting/2019%20 Al abama%20WFF%20 Deer%20Rut%20Map.pdf provides a user-friendly way to find the timetable for rut­ting activity around the state.

WFF Director Chuck Sykes said the rut map was produced by WFF staff under the direction of deer program coordinator Chris Cook and assistant wildlife chief Amy Silvano.

“The map is based on his­toric stocking information, the herd health assessment we do in the spring and our fetal collections,” Sykes said. “Basically, you can look at that map, and, unlike most other states, we have multiple ruts based on our historic stocking.

“If you go hunt in Illinois, every deer in the state will be rutting the first 10 days to two weeks of November, depending on where you are in the state and the gene source of that herd. In Alabama, you can hunt the rut in November, December, January and February.”

Sykes said that provides Alabama hunters a unique opportunity to hunt the rut for most of deer season if they follow the map and are willing to travel to different parts of the state. Although hunters may have their own definition of the rut, whether it’s building scrapes or bucks chasing does, Sykes said the map is based on fetal studies that pinpoint when the does were actually bred.

“That map corresponds with a ton of public hunting land,” he said. “Some of the WMAs (wildlife manage­ment areas) have bonus bucks where it doesn’t count against your state three-buck limit. Some of the WMAs that have that early rut will actually have a couple of days of gun season before regular gun season comes in. There’s a lot of opportunity for some­one.

“Honestly, you can use that map to plot your hunt­ing for next year. You can look at the map and see when the rut is expected at the Oakmulgee and Choccolocco WMAs or Bankhead National Forest, and you can plan you some time off to hunt those WMAs during that time period. You don’t have to all your time off during January. You can take some in November, some in December and a lit­tle more in January, and you can hunt three different peak ruts.”

I received an email recent­ly from a hunter who, after looking the rut map, won­dered if he could have deer on his hunting property with different genetic back­grounds. The answer is yes.

Sykes has a perfect exam­ple of one location where deer rutted at different times on the same piece of prop­erty. Before he became WFF director, Sykes managed a hunting plantation in Lee County on the Georgia bor­der.

“On one piece of the property, the deer had come over from Georgia and rut­ted the first week of December,” he said. “Across the road on the other side of the property, it was the tra­ditional, late-rut Alabama deer. So you could hunt the peak rut on that one 5,000- acre piece of property mul­tiple times. You had the rut the first week of December. Then the does that didn’t get bred during that first cycle came back in during the first 10 days of January. Then the Alabama deer kicked in about the 15th to 20th of January. Even before the February extension, we could actually hunt three different phases of the rut on that one piece of property.”

Social media has once again this season been filled with photos of huge bucks that have been taken across the state, several from some of the more popular WMAs.

Sykes said most likely those big deer were taken in areas other than food plots.

“From my personal expe­rience, we had a bumper acorn crop,” Sykes said of his hunting land in west central Alabama. “Until last week when the (Tombigbee) river came up, the deer weren’t using the food plots much. They were staying in the woods because they had plenty to eat. From what I understand, it was hit or miss throughout the state. In the areas with really good acorn crops, the people who went in the woods to hunt killed some really good deer.”

Sykes said he wouldn’t be surprised if the deer activity shifted toward the wildlife openings in the next few weeks.

“We’ve had so much water lately, and the acorns are being thinned out, so I think the activity around the food plots will kick in a little stronger,” he said. “But I’m excited about that tremen­dous acorn crop. The tur­keys ought to be fat as pigs come springtime because they had plenty of acorns to fatten up on. And the wood ducks too. In fact, I took Syd (his dog) and killed a limit of wood ducks on a water oak flat that was under water. It was full of acorns and full of ducks.”

Thankfully, very little news has developed on chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer so far this season. CWD-positive deer have been confirmed in Mississippi and Tennessee, but Alabama is making every effort to keep the disease out of the state through strict enforcement of the ban on the importation of deer car­casses.

Alabama hunters still have the opportunity to have their harvested deer sampled at locations around the state. WFF has set up freezers in strategic locations to accept the samples. Visit https:// www.outdooralabama.com/ cwd-sampling for a list of freezer locations.

The instructions to have the animal tested are:

• To prepare the sample for drop off at one of the self-service locations, hunt­ers must first remove the deer’s head leaving 4-6 inch­es of neck attached.

• Once the head is removed, place it in the pro­vided plastic bag and tie it closed. For bucks, antlers can be removed at the base of each antler or by remov­ing the skull plate before bagging the head.

• Complete all sections of the biological sample tag and attach it to the bag with a zip tie.

• Remove and retain the bottom receipt portion of the biological sample tag before placing the bagged head in the freezer.

Hunters will receive the results of the samples within three to four weeks.

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